Coconut Oil Preparation
Good matured, fresh, whole, organic coconuts are shelled and pared to remove the outer shell and brown skin. The coconuts used are no older than 45 days which is the harvest cycle in the area where the small farmers collect them.
The coconuts are in an agroforestry environment not in plantations, which is so much better for the environment.
Agroforestry is an integrated approach of using the interactive benefits from combining trees and shrubs with crops and/or livestock. It combines agricultural and forestry technologies to create more diverse, productive, profitable, healthy, and sustainable land-use systems.
The white meat is then milled / grounded to fine granules and dried at an average of 2 hour and 30 minutes at a temperature of about 104 - 113 Fahrenheit (40 - 45 Celsius).
After drying, the white meat is made to pass through a customised cold process expeller where the oil is extracted from the white meat at a controlled temperature of 104 - 113 degrees Fahrenheit. The solid residue is sacked and sold as feed component or is further processed using a pulverizing machine to produce Coconut Flour passing through a fine mesh sieve – and is used for baking as a substitute to wheat flour (recommendation - Use 15-25% in place of other flours)
The oil is collected in a receiving pan and pumped through a centrifuge, to remove the moisture, and then a filter press (series of filter clothes) which results in a water clear coconut oil - known commercially as VIRGIN COCONUT OIL. The filtered virgin oil is temporarily stored in a day tank and made to pass through a polishing filter (micro filter) before it is eventually packed in drums. Lucy Bee then imports the drums into Europe for bottling at our Manchester Grade A BRC plant.
The following specifications are observed as standards for the Virgin Coconut Oil:
- Moisture and Impurities, maximum = <0.05%
- Free Fatty Acid, maximum (oleic) = <0.1%
- Maximum (lauric) = <0.07%
- Colour (5-1/4" Lovibond Column), maximum = Clear
- Saponification Value = 250-265
- Iodine Value (centigrams per gram) = 7.5-10.5
- Peroxide Value = 0.50 max. meq/kg